International Sunflower Association

NEWSLETTER 10, April 2021

This is the 10th issue of the ISA Newsletter, started in September 2018. Since then, we try to show the very diverse activity and continuous flow in the world of sunflower research, innovation, and crop development: these innovation efforts contribute to build confidence to prepare sunflower crops to the evolutions, favourable or not.



Activity and News of the association

  • 20th International Sunflower Conference, postponed to 2022
  • ISA Board Meeting on covid crisis: online seminars

Value chains and regional news

  • Republic of Moldova: Can the current policy on sunflower cultivation be considered sustainable?
  • Pollination and pollinators
  • Birds damage in sunflower, a well spread concern
  • Sunflower protein rich flour

Scientific news


Coming international and national events





This is the 10th issue of the ISA Newsletter, started in September 2018. Since then, we try to show the very diverse activity and continuous flow in the world of sunflower research, innovation, and crop development: these innovation efforts contribute to build confidence to prepare sunflower crops to the evolutions, favourable or not.

Adapting to the evolutions of the context is not always easy, and sometimes needs some patience: we shall have to wait one year more to get the possibility to hold our main ISA traditional event, the Sunflower Conference, and the opportunity to meet and discuss in live.

It is a very frustrating situation for all, beginning with the Organization Team, mobilized since 2019, but we have to overcome this frustration, and all do our best to maintain links in this difficult and still unpredictable period. Thanks to volunteers of the ISA Board, 3 online events will be proposed in the next months, which will help us to wait for, and perhaps also to prepare, the next Sunflower Conference. This newsletter and the ISA website are also tools to maintain links: do not hesitate to use them to share information and initiatives: ISA may help.

Etienne Pilorgé, ISA Secretary



Activity and News of the association


20th International Sunflower Conference, postponed to 2022

Further development of the Covid situation cannot be foreseen for 2021, especially concerning the pace of vaccination campaigns in the different countries and the possibilities of international travels and large meetings.

Consequently, and considering that the International Sunflower Conference is a key moment, in the life of the sunflower community and ISA, that offers the extended possibilities of informal exchanges which are essential for all researchers and actors of the sunflower sector, the organization team and the ISA Board decided to postpone the conference once again, to 2022.

The new time for the conference is June 20th to June 23rd, 2022. The conference will be held in the same place, Master Center, in Novi Sad, Serbia.

Already-paid registration fees and hotel reservations will remain valid, and any individual requests on this issue will be handled by the supporting agency Panacomp.

Conference program and speakers will remain the same, with minor changes if needed. Already-received abstracts and papers remain valid and may be modified or replaced. We also invite everyone interested to continue submitting abstracts and papers.
Organization details on the conference website and at the end of this newsletter.


ISA Board Meeting on covid crisis: online seminars

The ISA Board held a special session on how to adapt to the lasting Covid crisis. The Board considered that postponing the conference was preferable to preserve this exceptional occasion of interpersonal contacts, but that maintaining structured exchanges on some key topics was also needed and made possible by using the internet technologies. Several initiatives from ISA Board members emerged on 3 topics, which can be considered as exploratory or as complementary and/or preparatory to further developments in the ISC.

They are, by order of dates:
- Webinar on sunflower genetic resources for breeding: germplasm evaluation and conservation, by Maria Duca. On June 15th, 2021, specific international sunflower session in the framework of the next XI congress of Moldavian Association of Geneticists and Breeders.
- Workshop on climate change – resistance to drought, by Maria Joita-Pacureanu & Dumitru Manole, 19th-20th August 2021.
- Webinar on sunflower pollinator interactions, by Nicolas Langlade and Olivier Catrice (LIPME INRAE Toulouse and in charge with a project on pollinator attractivity), early October 2021.

Detailed information will be given on the ISA website. Participation to these events will be upon registration, without participation fees.


Value chains and regional news


Republic of Moldova: Can the current policy on sunflower cultivation be considered sustainable?

An article by Prof. Maria Duca describes the explosion of sunflower cultivation in the Republic of Moldova in recent years, reaching more than 20% of the cultivated area, overpassing Ukraine (17% and Romania (10%) and leading to question the sustainability of such a development.
This paper is in Romanian but can easily be translated through online software.

See Picture on PdF File.


Pollination and pollinators

The Sunflower Magazine (US National Sunflower Association) reminds of the importance and value of pollinators to sunflower, shown by past works by USDA in Fargo region where wild native bees are dominant, and more recently with honeybees in Arizona where conditions are favorable to study the specific honeybees effect.


Birds damage in sunflower, a well spread concern.

The Sunflower Magazine gave a series of papers in its issues of January 2021 and February 2021 (see: “Blackbird researchers seek N.D growers input”, advertising for a new survey to help guide future studies, and “Tracking blackbird with radar”, “NDSU Team Studies UAS role in blackbird control” which deliver progress and results of ongoing studies about monitoring (with the last generation weather radars) and managing the blackbirds problems with UAV and repellents.

When problems in USA occur mainly at maturity and before harvesting, from blackbirds’ flocks, the concern in Europe occurs mainly during the crop establishment period, from miscellaneous species, among them pigeons and crows. The crops surveys regularly organized in France revealed that in 2019, 26% of the sunflower area experienced losses at emergence, according to farmers, with a higher rate than the average (21% per hectare) over the last five surveys (2009-2011-2013-2017 and 2019). Cool, dry conditions at emergence in April-May 2019 increased the risk of depredation. Birds are not the only predators: in 2019, the main causes cited by farmers, were “birds” with 67% of plots, rabbits (16%), slugs (11%) and wireworms (8%). 14% of the plots were partially reseeded because of this lack of emergence and only 2% were reseeded in their entirety. The risk linked to depredation should therefore be put into perspective, even if it is real. (see, in French:

More positively, The Sunflower Magazine also gave an article (January 2021) “For the birds – in a good way”, explaining that birds, when they do not help themselves, can make a very interesting market for sunflower producers…


Sunflower protein rich flour

The use of sunflower proteins for human food products is receiving increasing attention in the different regions of the world. A new example: The Sunflower Magazine reported in its December 2020 issue the introduction of a new partially defatted flour from sunflower seeds with 49% protein value, called: “Sustein ® “by Red River Commodities, USA. ( . “Made from 100% edible sunflower kernels is non-GMO and top 8 allergen-free. Sustein has a mild flavor which is suitable for a wide variety of uses including bakery, confectionary, snack food, plant-based meat, seafood and dairy applications.”

Detailed characteristics on




Scientific news





Bock D.G., Kantar M.B., Rieseberg L.H. (2020) Population Genomics of Speciation and Adaptation in Sunflowers. In:. Population Genomics. Springer, Cham.

BADOUIN, H., Boniface, M. C., Pouilly, N., Fuchs, A. L., Vear, F., Langlade, N. B., ... & Munos, S. (2021). Pooled Single-Molecule transcriptomics identifies a giant gene under balancing selection in sunflower. bioRxiv.

Miladinović D, Antunes D, Yildirim K, Bakhsh A, Cvejić S, Kondić-Špika A, Marjanovic Jeromela A, Opsahl-Sorteberg HG, Zambounis A, Hilioti Z (2021). Targeted plant improvement through genome editing: from laboratory to field. Plant Cell Rep, doi:

Varotto S, Tani E, Abraham E, Krugman T, Kapazoglou A, Melzer R, Radanović A, Miladinović D (2020). Epigenetics: Possible applications in climate-smart crop breeding. J Exp Bot 71: 5223–5236. doi:

Ćuk N, Cvejić S, Mladenov V, Babec B, Miklič V, Miladinović D, Jocić S (2020) Variability of morphological traits in sunflower inbred lines, Genetika, 52 (3): 901-914,

Anđelković V, Cvejić S, Jocić S, Kondić-Špika A, Marjanović Jeromela A, Mikić S, Prodanović S, Radanović A, Savić Ivanov M, Trkulja D, Miladinović D (2020). Use of plant genetic resources in crop improvement – Example of Serbia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 67: 1935-1948. DOI:

Zorić M, Cvejić S, Mladenović E, Jocić S, Babić Z, Marjanović Jeromela A, Miladinović D (2020). Digital image analysis using FloCIA software for ornamental sunflower ray floret color evaluation. Front. Plant Sci. 11: 584822. doi:

Cvejić S, Zorić M, Mladenović E, Babić Z, Jocković M, Gvozdenac S, Radanović A, Jocić S, Miladinović D, Marjanović Jeromela A (2020). Use of digital image analysis for the flower color evaluation in ornamental sunflower. Digital breeding, February 11-13, 2020. Tulln, Austria. Book of abstracts: poster 18.

Ćuk, N., Cvejić, S., Mladenov, V., Babec, B., Miklič, V., Miladinović, D., & Jocić, S. (2020). Variability of morphological traits in sunflower inbred lines. Genetika, 52(3), 911-923.

Kaya, Y., & Vasilevska-Ivanova, R. (2021). Wild Sunflowers: The Primary Genetic Resource for Sunflower Breeding. In Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants (pp. 153-185). Academic Press.

Mitchell, N., Chamberlain, S. A., & Whitney, K. D. Proximity to crop relatives determines some patterns of natural selection in a wild sunflower. Evolutionary Applications.

Pogoda, C.S., Reinert, S., Talukder, Z.I. et al. Genetic loci underlying quantitative resistance to necrotrophic pathogens Sclerotinia and Diaporthe (Phomopsis), and correlated resistance to both pathogens. Theor Appl Genet 134, 249–259 (2021).

Montecchia, J., Fass, M., Cerrudo, I., Quiroz, F., Nicosia, S., Maringolo, C., ... & Paniego, N. (2021). On-field Phenotypic Evaluation of Sunflower Germplasm: Breeding for Broad-spectrum Resistance to Verticillium Leaf Mottle and Wilt.

Sisou, D. (2021). Biological and Transcriptomic Characterization of Pre-haustorial Resistance to Sunflower Broomrape (Orobanche cumana W.). bioRxiv.

Cvejić S, Radanović A, Dedić B, Jocković M, Jocić S, Miladinović D (2020). Genetic and genomic tools in sunflower breeding for broomrape resistance. Genes 11(2): 152.

Lee, J. S., Gao, L., Guzman, L. M., & Rieseberg, L. H. (2021). Genome-Wide Expression and Alternative Splicing in Domesticated Sunflowers (Helianthus annuus L.) under Flooding Stress. Agronomy 2021, 11, 92.

Shehzad, M., Gul, R.S., Rauf, S. et al. Development of a robust hydroponic method for screening of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) accessions for tolerance to heat and osmotic stress. Sci Rep 11, 1677 (2021).

Chernova, A., Gubaev, R., Singh, A., Sherbina, K., Goryunova, S., Martynova, E., ... & Nuzhdin, S. (2020). Genotyping and lipid profiling of 601 cultivated sunflower lines reveals novel genetic determinants of oil fatty acid content.

Tyagi, V., Dhillon, S. K., & Kaur, G. (2020). Gene action for oil content and quality in diverse cytoplasmic sources in sunflower under varied moisture environments. Helia, 43(73), 151-166.

Li, J., Liu, A., Najeeb, U., Zhou, W., Liu, H., Yan, G., ... & Xu, L. (2021). Genome-wide investigation and expression analysis of membrane-bound fatty acid desaturase genes under different biotic and abiotic stresses in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 175, 188-198.

Soroka, A. I., Boika, O. A., & Lyakh, V. A. (2020). Inheritance of the number of ray flowers in sunflower. Helia, 43(73), 123-131.

Wu, Y., Lei, D., Su, Z. et al. HaYABBY Gene Is Associated with the Floral Development of Ligulate-Like Tubular Petal Mutant Plants of Sunflower. Russ J Genet 56, 1457–1468 (2020).

Ghodke, G. N. M. (2021). Correlation and path analysis studies in multihead inbred lines of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 10(1), 707-709.

Ma, G., Long, Y., Song, Q., Talukder, Z. I., Shamimuzzaman, M., & Qi, L. (2021). Map and sequence-based chromosome walking towards cloning of the male fertility restoration gene Rf5 linked to R11 in sunflower. Scientific reports, 11.

Tabassum, M. I., Aslam, M., Javed, M. I., Salim, J., Sarwar, M., & Rafiq, H. (2020). Hybrid development programme of sunflower in Pakistan: a review. J. Agric. Res, 58(3), 145-156.

Lagiso, T.M., Singh, B.C.S. & Weyessa, B. Evaluation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) genotypes for quantitative traits and character association of seed yield and yield components at Oromia region, Ethiopia. Euphytica 217, 27 (2021).

Sheri V., Muddanuru T., Mulpuri S. (2021) Genetic Engineering of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) for Important Agronomic Traits. In: Kavi Kishor P.B., Rajam M.V., Pullaiah T. (eds) Genetically Modified Crops. Springer, Singapore.

Christov, M., & Hristova-Cherbadzhi, M. (2020). New form cultivated sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) with resistance to the herbicides Pulsar and Express. Helia, 43(73), 185-189.

Kadhim, H. M., & Abbas, S. H. (2020). Gene action for grain yield and some of its components in sunflower. Plant Archives, 20(2), 7511-7518.

Shehzad, M., Gul, R. S., Rauf, S., Clarindo, W. R., Al-Khayri, J. M., Hussain, M. M., ... & Hussain, M. (2021). Development of a robust hydroponic method for screening of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) accessions for tolerance to heat and osmotic stress. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-14.


Duca, M., Boicu, A., Clapco, S. et al. Comparative analysis of two Orobanche cumana Wallr. accessions with a different virulence. Acta Physiol Plant 42, 170 (2020).

Jiang, Z., Zhao, Q., Bai, R., Yu, R., Diao, P., Yan, T., ... & Wuriyanghan, H. (2020). Host sunflower-induced silencing of parasitism-related genes confers resistance to invading Orobanche cumana. Plant Physiology.

Krupp, A. C. (2020). Strategies and mechanisms of cellular interaction between the parasitic weed Orobanche cumana Wallr. and its host Helianthus annuus L. Doctoral dissertation University of Hohenheim

Lerner, F., Pfenning, M., Picard, L., Lerchl, J., & Hollenbach, E. (2020). Prohexadione calcium is herbicidal to the sunflower root parasite Orobanche cumana. Pest Management Science.

Škorić, D., Joiţa-Păcureanu, M., Gorbachenko, F., Gorbachenko, O., & Maširević, S. (2020). Dynamics of change in broomrape populations (Orobanche cumana Wallr.) in Romania and Russia (Black Sea area). Helia, 1(ahead-of-print).

El-Ibrahime, I. A., & Mourad, K. A. (2020). Efficacy of some Trichoderma Species on Management of Sunflower Head-Rot. Journal of Plant Protection and Pathology, 11(11), 537-542.

Ahmed, N. A. K., Dechamp-Guillaume, G., & Seassau, C. (2020). Biofumigation to protect oilseed crops: focus on management of soilborne fungi of sunflower. OCL, 27, 59.

Csüllög, K., & Tarcali, G. (2020). Investigation of the mycelial compatibility of Macrophomina phaseolina. Folia Oecologica, 47(2), 153-158.

Wang, D., Su, Z., Ning, D. et al. Different appearance period of Verticillium wilt symptoms affects sunflower growth and production. J Plant Pathol (2021).

Zhao, X., Dong, B. Z., Zhao, Y. J., Wang, D., Jing, L., & Zhou, H. Y. (2020). Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals the mechanism of cross-protection against Verticillium wilt conferred on sunflower by hypovirulent strain Gibellulopsis nigrescens Vn-1.

Ryley, M., Gulya, T., Mathew, F., Thompson, S., Block, C., Markell, S., & Harveson, R. (2021). Sunflower Wilt Diseases: Charcoal Rot, Phialophora Yellows, and Verticillium Wilt. Plant Health Progress.

Glinushkin, A. P., Ovsyankina, A. V., & Kornyukov, D. A. (2021, February). Diagnosis of fungi of the genus Fusarium and Alternaria, Bipolaris, causing diseases of sunflower, and immunological methods for the evaluation and selection of genotypes to the pathogens. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 663, No. 1, p. 012049). IOP Publishing.

Saqib, H. M., Abid, M., & Chohan, S. (2020). Chemical Management of Alternaria Leaf Blight of Sunflower. International Journal of Phytopathology, 9(3), 173-178.

Syvoded, Y. V., Kolesnichenko, O. V., Hrysiuk, S. M., & Ivannikov, R. V. (2020). Accumulation and identification of secondary metabolites from the fungus Diaporthe (Phomopsis) helianthi Munt. -Cvet. et al. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 10(5), 166-169

Miranda-Fuentes, P., García-Carneros, A. B., & Molinero-Ruiz, L. (2021). Updated Characterization of Races of Plasmopara halstedii and Entomopathogenic Fungi as Endophytes of Sunflower Plants in Axenic Culture. Agronomy, 11(2), 268.

Zambelli, A., Mancebo, M. F., Bazzalo, M. E., Reid, R. J., Sanchez, M. C., Kontz, B. J., & Mathew, F. M. (2021). Six Species of Diaporthe Associated with Phomopsis Stem Canker of Sunflower in Southern Pampean Region of Argentina. Plant Health Progress.

Khare, E., Arora, N.K. Biosurfactant based formulation of Pseudomonas guariconensis LE3 with multifarious plant growth promoting traits controls charcoal rot disease in Helianthus annus. World J Microbiol Biotechnol 37, 55 (2021).

Iwebor, M., Frolov, S., Frolova, I., Shabaldas, O., & Chernikova, M. (2020). The role of insects in the spreading of pathogens and development of diseases on sunflower in the Krasnodar region of the Russian Federation. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 222, p. 02025). EDP Sciences.

Prasifka, J. R., Ferguson, B., & Anderson, J. V. (2021). Fatty Acid Data and Crop Surveys Indicate Sources of Red Sunflower Seed Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Populations and Suggest Strategies for Management. Environmental Entomology, 50(1), 154-159.

Jadhav, A. S., Mutkule, D. S., Waykule, P. K., Ingale, A. S., & Dhormare, A. P. Bio-efficacy of different insecticides against head borer (Helicoverpa armigera) on sunflower.

Jadhav, A. S., Mutkule, D. S., Waykule, P. K., Thakre, B. A., & Bharadwaj, G. S. (2020). Screening of sunflower germplasm lines against major lepidopteran insect-pests.

He, L. M., Wu, Q. L., Gao, X. W., & Wu, K. M. (2021). Population life tables for the invasive fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda fed on major oil crops planted in China. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 20(3), 745-754.

Kuo, Y. W., & Falk, B. W. (2020). RNA interference approaches for plant disease control. BioTechniques, 69(6), 469-477.

Werrell, A. K., Klug, P. E., Lipcius, R. N., & Swaddle, J. P. (2021). A Sonic Net reduces damage to sunflower by blackbirds (Icteridae): implications for broad-scale agriculture and crop establishment. Crop Protection, 105579.

Kaiser, B. A., Johnson, B. L., Ostlie, M. H., Werner, S. J., & Klug, P. E. (2020). Inefficiency of anthraquinone‐based avian repellents when applied to sunflower: the importance of crop vegetative and floral characteristics in field applications. Pest Management Science.

Shiels, A. B., Klug, P. E., Kluever, B. M., & Siers, S. R. (2020). Rose-ringed Parakeets in California: Established Populations and Potentially a Serious Agricultural Threat. In Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference (Vol. 29, No. 29).

White, M. G., & Klug, P. E. A Bird’s Eye View: Blackbird Flock Response to Unmanned Aircraft System Approaches in Sunflower Fields. (poster)


Fieuzal, R., Sicre, C. M., & Tallec, T. (2020). Towards an Improved Inventory of N2O Emissions Using Land Cover Maps Derived from Optical Remote Sensing Images. Atmosphere, 11(11), 1188.,

Mohammed, M. (2020). Effect of Vital Inoculations and Different Nitrogen Forms Fertilizer on the Quality and Productivity of Sunflower Plant under New Valley Conditions. Egyptian Journal of Microbiology.

Feng, L., Li, W., Shi, Q., Zhao, S., Hao, Y., Liu, H., & Shi, H. (2021). Effects of Irrigation and Nitrogen Application Rates on Protein and Amino Acid Content of Sunflower Seed Kernels. Water, 13(1), 78.

Simões, W. L., da Silva, J. S., de Oliveira, A. R., Neto, A. R., Drumond, M. A., Lima, J. A., & do Nascimento, B. R. (2020). Sunflower cultivation under different irrigation systems and planting spacings in the sub-middle region of São Francisco Valley. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 41(6Supl2), 2899-2910.

Zhang, X., Guo, P., Zhang, F., Liu, X., Yue, Q., & Wang, Y. (2021). Optimal irrigation water allocation in Hetao Irrigation District considering decision makers’ preference under uncertainties. Agricultural Water Management, 246, 106670.

El-Ghannam, M. K., Aiad, M. A., & Abdallah, A. M. (2021). Irrigation efficiency, drain outflow and yield responses to drain depth in the Nile delta clay soil, Egypt. Agricultural Water Management, 246, 106674.

Zhang, J., Zhang, H., Sima, M. W., Trout, T. J., Malone, R. W., & Wang, L. (2021). Simulated deficit irrigation and climate change effects on sunflower production in Eastern Colorado with CSM-CROPGRO-Sunflower in RZWQM2. Agricultural Water Management, 246, 106672.

Nouraki, A., Akhavan, S., Rezaei, Y., & Fuentes, S. (2020). Assessment of sunflower water stress using infrared thermometry and computer vision analysis. Water Supply.

Kostenkova, E. V., Bushnev, A. S., & Pashtetsky, V. S. (2021, January). Technological aspects of confectionary sunflower cultivation in arid conditions of the Crimean peninsula. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 624, No. 1, p. 012073). IOP Publishing.

Kudratovich, L. M., Mamatovich, M. B., & Kholmirzaevich, T. O. Productivity Of Early Varieties Of Sunflowers Sown At Different Times In Irrigated Conditions Of Uzbekistan. JournalNX, 264-268.

Čanak, P., Jocković, M., Vujošević, B., Babic, M., Mitrović, B., Stanisavljević, D., & Miklič, V. [2020]. The effect of chemical desiccation on germination and storage of sunflower seeds. Selection and Seed Production, 26 (2), 53-60.

Ćuk, N., Cvejić, S., Mladenov, V., Jocković, M. M., Babec, B., Miklič, V., & Jocić, S. S. [2020]. Variability of agronomic traits in sunflower inbred lines. Selekcija i semenarstvo, 26(1), 29-37.

Jocković. M., Jocić. S., Cvejić, S., Balalić. I., Hladni, N., Miladinović. D., Klisurić, N., Miklič, V. (2021): Productivity of NS sunflower hybrids in microexperiments and recommendations for successful production in 2021. Proceedings of the 55th Conference of Agronomists of Serbia. (Serbian)

Fatima, T., & Arora, N. K. (2021). Pseudomonas entomophila PE3 and its exopolysaccharides as biostimulants for enhancing growth, yield and tolerance responses of sunflower under saline conditions. Microbiological Research, 244, 126671.

Dong, S., Kang, Y., Wan, S., Li, X., & Miao, J. Drip‐irrigation Using Highly Saline Groundwater Increases Sunflower yield in Heavily Saline Soil. Agronomy Journal.

Azevedo Neto, A. D. D., Mota, K. N. A. B., Silva, P. C. C., Cova, A. M. W., Ribas, R. F., & Gheyi, H. R. (2020). Selection of sunflower genotypes for salt stress and mechanisms of salt tolerance in contrasting genotypes. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 44.

Dowling, A., Sadras, V. O., Roberts, P., Doolette, A., Zhou, Y., & Denton, M. D. Legume-oilseed intercropping in mechanised broadacre agriculture–a review. Field Crops Research, 260, 107980.

Babec B, Šeremešić S, Hladni N, Terzić S, Vojnov B, Ćuk N, Gvozdenac S (2020) Effect of intercropping sunflower with legumes on some sunflower morphological traits. Ratarstvo i povrtarstvo. 57(2):61-67. First online,

Zahra, T., Hamedi, J. & Mahdigholi, K. Endophytic actinobacteria of a halophytic desert plant Pteropyrum olivieri: promising growth enhancers of sunflower. 3 Biotech 10, 514 (2020).

Raza Altaf, A., Teng, H., Saleem, M., Raza Ahmad, H., Adil, M., & Shahzad, K. (2020). Associative interplay of Pseudomonas gessardii BLP141 and pressmud ameliorated growth, physiology, yield, and Pb-toxicity in sunflower. Bioremediation Journal, 1-14.

Ali, S., Ismail, S., Dawar, S., Musharraf, S. G., Mirani, Z., & Bhutto, S. (2020). Effect of Crude Oil Concentrations on Growth and Photosynthetic Pigments of Helianthus Annus Bio-Augmented with Micrococcus luteus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. International Journal of Economic and Environmental Geology, 11(3), 39-48.

Safiollin, F., Minnullin, G., Suleymanov, S., Loginov, N., & Trautz, D. (2020). Techniques for rational use of technical equipment in sunflower oilseeds production. In BIO Web of Conferences (Vol. 27). EDP Sciences.

Benavides, B. J., Drohan, P. J., Spargo, J. T., Maximova, S. N., Guiltinan, M. J., & Miller, D. A. (2020). Cadmium phytoextraction by Helianthus annuus (sunflower), Brassica napus cv Wichita (rapeseed), and Chyrsopogon zizanioides (vetiver). Chemosphere, 265, 129086.

Piracha, M. A., Ashraf, M., Shahzad, S. M., Arif, M. S., Rizwan, M. S., Imtiaz, M., ... & Tu, S. (2021). Alteration in Arsenic Dynamics and Toxicity to Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus L.) in Response to Phosphorus in Different Textured Soils.

Saudy, H., El-Bially, M., El-Metwally, I. et al. Physio-biochemical and Agronomic Response of Ascorbic Acid Treated Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Grown at Different Sowing Dates and Under Various Irrigation Regimes. Gesunde Pflanzen (2020).

Kamalovna, Y. Z., & Jo'raevna, K. D. The Effect of a Biostimulator on the Growth, Development and Yield of Oily Sunflower. International Journal on Integrated Education, 3(11), 157-159.

Donev, I., Markova Ruzdik, N., Kostadinovic Velickovska, S., Mihajlov, L., Arsov, E., & Mitrev, S. (2020). Growing season weather impacts on the physicochemical properties and quality of sunflower oils cold-pressed from hybrids grown in the Republic of North Macedonia. La rivista italiana delle sostanze grasse, 97.

Litvishchenko, V. L., Dimitrov, V. P., Leshcheva, O. A., & Gritsay, I. P. (2021). The use of lighting techniques for rapid remote determination of moisture content of sunflower seeds growing in the fields. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 1029, No. 1, p. 012130). IOP Publishing.

Gaevaya, E. A., Ilyinskaya, I. N., Bezuglova, O. S., & Taradin, S. A. (2021, January). Soil protection measures during sunflower farming on slopes of Rostov oblast. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 624, No. 1, p. 012223). IOP Publishing.

Srikantan, C., Suraishkumar, G.K. & Srivastava, S. A synergistic effect of physicochemical parameters on dye removal and concomitant antioxidant production in sunflower hairy roots. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (2021).

Muhammad, W., Saeed, S., Ahmad, A., Ishfaq, M. Y., & Anjum, M. M. Pollinator Community of Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) and its Role in Crop Reproductive Success.

Manole, D., & Ganea, L. L. Sunflower hybrids in the climatic conditions of the year 2020 in Constanta County – South East of Dobrogea, Romania. Annals of the Academy of Romanian Scientists Volume 9, Number 2/2020


Debaeke, P., & Izquierdo, N. G. (2021). Sunflower. In Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops (pp. 482-517). Academic Press.

Abautret, Y., Coquillat, D., Zerrad, M., Buet, X., Bendoula, R., Soriano, G., ... & Amra, C. (2020). Terahertz probing of sunflower leaf multilayer organization. Optics Express, 28(23), 35018-35037.

Lachabrouilli, A. S., Rigal, K., Corbineau, F., & Bailly, C. (2021). Effects of agroclimatic conditions on sunflower seed dormancy at harvest. European Journal of Agronomy, 124, 126209.

Noah D. Dell, Matthew A. Albrecht, and Quinn G. Long "Effects of Light and Temperature on Germination of Eggert's Sunflower (Helianthus eggertii)," The American Midland Naturalist 185(1), 49-56, (11 January 2021).

Sarapirom, S., & Yu, L. D. (2020). Low-pressure and atmospheric plasma treatments of sunflower seeds. Surface and Coatings Technology, 126638.

Catiempo, R. L., Photchanachai, S., Bayogan, E. R. V., & Vichitsoonthonkul, T. Possible role of non‐enzymatic antioxidants in hydroprimed sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seeds under heat stress. Crop Science.

Silva, P. C. C., Azevedo Neto, A. D. D., Gheyi, H. R., Ribas, R. F., Silva, C. R. D. R., & Cova, A. M. W. (2020). Salt tolerance induced by hydrogen peroxide priming on seed is related to improvement of ion homeostasis and antioxidative defense in sunflower plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 1-15.

Meenakshi, G., Raja, K., Renugadevi, J., & Karthikeyan, M. (2020). Inorganic metal oxide nanoparticles seed invigouration for extended storability of sunflower (Helianthus annus) under ambient environment. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 9(6), 1302-1306.

Huang, Y., Cai, S., Ruan, X., Xu, J., & Cao, D. (2021). CSN improves seed vigor of aged sunflower seeds by regulating the fatty acid, glycometabolism, and abscisic acid metabolism. Journal of Advanced Research.

Ouazzani, C., Moustaghfir, A., & Er-ramly, A. (2020). Leaves peroxidase and esterase isozymes I sunflower crops exposed to saline environment. European Chemical Bulletin, 9(10-12), 425-429.

de Melo Peixoto, M., Flores, R.A., do Couto, C.A. et al. Silicon Application Increases Biomass Yield in Sunflower by Improving the Photosynthesizing Leaf Area. Silicon (2020).

Abdelhakam, S., Rabei, S. H., Nada, R. M., & Abogadallah, G. M. (2021). The complementary role of root and leaf PIP1 and PIP2 aquaporins drives the anisohydric behavior in Helianthus annuus L. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 182, 104314.

Ariraman, R., Paul, R. A. I., Naik, S. N. A., Anandan, P., & Arun, A. (2020). Effect of boron application on growth, yield parameters, yield, quality, nutrient uptake, and economics of sunflower. IJCS, 8(6), 512-516.

Saidi, I., Guesmi, F., Kharbech, O., Hfaiedh, N., & Djebali, W. (2021). Gallic acid improves the antioxidant ability against cadmium toxicity: Impact on leaf lipid composition of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seedlings. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 210, 111906.

Sher, A., Tahira, A.S., Sattar, A. et al. Foliage application of 5-aminolevulinic acid alleviates drought stress in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) through improving stay green and antioxidant enzymes activities. Acta Physiol Plant 43, 22 (2021).

Kumari, A., & Bhatla, S. C. (2021). Regulation of salt-stressed sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seedling’s water status by the coordinated action of Na+/K+ accumulation, nitric oxide, and aquaporin expression. Functional Plant Biology.

Kumari, A., & Bhatla, S. C. (2021). Regulation of salt-stressed sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seedling. Functional Plant Biology: FPB.

Wasaya, A., Abbas, T., Yasir, T.A. et al. Mitigating Drought Stress in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Through Exogenous Application of β-Aminobutyric Acid. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr (2021).

Wang, W., Wang, X., Huo, Z., Rong, Y., Huang, Q., & Huang, G. Variation and attribution of water use efficiency in sunflower and maize fields in an irrigated semi‐arid area. Hydrological Processes.

Babalola, O. O., Nwachukwu, B. C., & Ayangbenro, A. S. (2021). High-Throughput Sequencing Survey of Sunflower Soil. Microbiology Resource Announcements, 10(8).

Alawiye, T. T., & Babalola, O. O. (2021). Metagenomic Insight into the Community Structure and Functional Genes in the Sunflower Rhizosphere Microbiome. Agriculture, 11(2), 167.


Rodriguez, L. M., Fernández, M. B., Perez, E. E., & Crapiste, G. H. Performance of Green Solvents in the Extraction of Sunflower Oil From Enzyme‐Treated Collets. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 2000132.

Lužaić T, Romanić R, Grahovac N, Jocić S, Cvejić S, Hladni N, Pezo L (2021). Prediction of Mechanical Extraction Oil Yield of New Sunflower Hybrids - Artificial Neural Network Model. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture.

Lužaić T, Grahovac N, Hladni N, Romanić R. 2021. Evaluation of oxidative stability of new cold-pressed sunflower oils during accelerated thermal stability tests. Food Science and Technology.

Kleymenova, N. L., Bolgova, I. N., Kopylov, M. V., & Nazina, L. I. (2021, February). Clarification of sunflower oil with nanocarbon sorbent and analysis of product quality indicators. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 659, No. 1, p. 012124). IOP Publishing.

Agafonov, O. S., Prudnikov, S. M., & Viktorova, E. P. (2021, February). Development of a method for temperature control of sunflower seeds in determining the content of oleic acid NMR. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 640, No. 4, p. 042005). IOP Publishing.

Tereshchenko, N., Khyzhan, O., Kovshun, L., Maksin, V., & Bobunov, A. (2020). Development of Extraction Method of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons from Sunflower Oil. French-Ukrainian Journal of Chemistry, 8(2), 7-16.

Grasso, S., Pintado, T., Pérez-Jiménez, J., Ruiz-Capillas, C., & Herrero, A. M. (2021). Characterisation of Muffins with Upcycled Sunflower Flour. Foods, 10(2), 426.

Romanić R, Lužaić T, Grahovac N, Cvejić S, Jocić S, Kravić S, Stojanović Z. 2020. Prediction of the firmness of the selected sunflower hybrid seed based on its technological characteristics. Book of Proceedings. GEA (Geo Eco-Eco Agro) International Conference, 28-29 May 2020, Podgorica, Montenegro, p. 274-279.

Poirier, A., Stocco, A., Kapel, R., In, M., Ramos, L., & Banc, A. (2021). Sunflower Proteins at Air–Water and Oil–Water Interfaces. Langmuir.

do Prado, D. M., de Almeida, A. B., de Oliveira Filho, J. G., Alves, C. C., Egea, M. B., & Lemes, A. C. (2021). Extraction of Bioactive Proteins from Seeds (Corn, Sorghum, and Sunflower) and Sunflower Byproduct: Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Antioxidant Properties. Current Nutrition & Food Science, 17(3), 310-320.

Subaşı, B. G., Jahromi, M., Casanova, F., Capanoglu, E., Ajalloueian, F., & Mohammadifar, M. A. (2021). Effect of moderate electric field on structural and thermo-physical properties of sunflower protein and sodium caseinate. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 67, 102593.

Gültekin Subaşı, B. Ü. Ş. R. A., Jahromi, M., Casanova, F., Çapanoğlu Güven, E., Ajalloueian, F., & Mohammadifar, M. (2021). Effect of moderate electric field on structural and thermo-physical properties of sunflower protein and sodium caseinate.

Rauf, S., Ortiz, R., Shehzad, M., Haider, W., & Ahmed, I. (2020). The exploitation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seed and other parts for human nutrition, medicine and the industry. Helia, 1(ahead-of-print).

Evon, P., Labonne, L., Padoan, E., Vaca-Garcia, C., Montoneri, E., Boero, V., & Negre, M. (2021). A New Composite Biomaterial Made from Sunflower Proteins, Urea, and Soluble Polymers Obtained from Industrial and Municipal Biowastes to Perform as Slow Release Fertiliser. Coatings, 11(1), 43.

Malm, A.; Grzegorczyk, A.; Biernasiuk, A.; Baj, T.; Rój, E.; Tyśkiewicz, K.; Dębczak, A.; Stolarski, M.J.; Krzyżaniak, M.; Olba-Zięty, E. Whether Supercritical Extracts from the Aerial Parts of Helianthus salicifolius and Helianthus tuberosus May be Regarded as a Potential Raw Materials for Non-bioenergy Purposes?. Preprints 2020, 2020110033 (

Laguna, O., Guyot, S., Yu, X., Broudiscou, L. P., Chapoutot, P., Solé-Jamault, V., ... & Dauguet, S. (2020). The PHENOLEO project or how to separate and add-value to phenolic compounds present in rapeseed and sunflower meals. OCL Oilseeds and fats crops and lipids, 27, 61.

Touhidyan, Z., & Ghavami, A. (2021). Tocopherols as a Quick Mean to Identify the Origin of Vegetable Oils. Journal of Food Biosciences and Technology, 11(1), 55-58.

Tüzün, A. E., Koçer, B., Ege, G., & Bozkurt, M. (2020). Influence of sunflower meal utilisation on growth performance and digestive tract traits of white strain pullets fed from 29 to 112 d of age. British Poultry Science, 1-8.

Cardoso-Gutiérrez, E., Narváez-López, A. C., Robles-Jiménez, L. E., Morales Osorio, A., Gutierrez-Martinez, M. D. G., Leskinen, H., ... & González-Ronquillo, M. (2020). Production Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, and Milk Composition of Dairy Ewes Supplemented with Crushed Sunflower Seeds and Sunflower Seed Silage in Corn Silage-Based Diets. Animals, 10(12), 2354.

Bykov, A. V. (2021, January). Practical aspects of the new approach to creating feed products based on a multicomponent mixture of sunflower fuzz-sludge and zeolite subjected to cavitation treatment. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 624, No. 1, p. 012191). IOP Publishing.

Kurilkina, M. Y., Muslyumova, D. M., Zavyalov, O. A., & Miroshnikov, S. A. (2021, January). Experience in applying the technology of cavitation treatment of sunflower oil sludge for feeding ruminants. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 624, No. 1, p. 012110). IOP Publishing.

Kurilkina, M. Y., Muslyumova, D. M., Zavyalov, O. A., & Atlanderova, K. N. (2021, January). Testing of the technology of cavitation treatment of sunflower oil sludge to increase the digestibility of feed for calf bulls. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 624, No. 1, p. 012112). IOP Publishing.

Reyes-Jáquez, D., Carrete-Carreón, F., Rodríguez-Miranda, J., Medrano-Roldán, H., Alvarado-González, Ó., & Delgado, E. (2021). Effect of extrusion temperature, moisture and sunflower oil content on the functional properties and digestibility of bovine cattle feeds. Abanico Veterinario, 10(1), 1-10.

Lee, J., Kim, J. W., & Nyachoti, C. M. (2021). Standardized total tract digestibility of phosphorus in high-protein sunflower meal fed to growing pigs with or without phytase supplementation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 274, 114853.

Holey, S. A., Sekhar, K. P., Mishra, S. S., Kanjilal, S., & Nayak, R. R. (2020). Sunflower Wax-Based Oleogel Emulsions: Physicochemical Characterizations and Food Application. ACS Food Science & Technology.

Versino, F., López, O.V. & García, M.A. Sunflower Oil Industry By-product as Natural Filler of Biocomposite Foams for Packaging Applications. J Polym Environ (2021).

Protasova, N. N., Korchagin, M. V., Protasov, A. V., & Korchagin, V. I. (2021, February). Analysis and synthesis of kinetic parameters of soapstocksaponification stage in sunflower oil production. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 640, No. 4, p. 042015). IOP Publishing.

Peng, X., Yang, G., Yue, Q., Ren, X., Zhou, Y., & Zhang, M. (2021). The Film-Forming Characterization and Structural Analysis of Pectin from Sunflower Heads. International Journal of Polymer Science, 2021.

Hayoun, B., Bourouina-Bacha, S., Pazos, M., Sanromán, M. A., Benkhennouche-Bouchene, H., Deflaoui, O., ... & Bourouina, M. (2021). Production of modified sunflowers seed shells for the removal of bisphenol A. RSC Advances, 11(6), 3516-3533.

Li, Y., Shi, H., Liang, C. et al. Turning waste into treasure: biomass carbon derived from sunflower seed husks used as anode for lithium-ion batteries. Ionics 27, 1025–1039 (2021).

Gluba, Ł., Rafalska-Przysucha, A., Szewczak, K., Łukowski, M., Szlązak, R., Vitková, J., ... & Usowicz, B. (2021). Effect of Fine Size‐Fractionated Sunflower Husk Biochar on Water Retention Properties of Arable Sandy Soil. Materials, 14(6), 1335.

Il’in, V.B., Narochnyi, G.B., Zubenko, A.F. et al. Production of Motor-Fuel Hydrocarbon Fractions from Sunflower Husk Biomass. Solid Fuel Chem. 55, 54–61 (2021).

Anisimova, O. S., & Kolomytsa, V. A. (2021, February). Biofuel production from sunflower husk. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 659, No. 1, p. 012115). IOP Publishing.

Urrutia, R. I., Yeguerman, C., Jesser, E., Gutierrez, V. S., Volpe, M. A., & González, J. O. W. (2021). Sunflower seed hulls waste as a novel source of insecticidal product: Pyrolysis bio-oil bioactivity on insect pests of stored grains and products. Journal of Cleaner Production, 287, 125000.

Shaukat, R. A., Saqib, Q. M., Khan, M. U., Chougale, M. Y., & Bae, J. (2021). Bio-waste sunflower husks powder based recycled triboelectric nanogenerator for energy harvesting. Energy Reports, 7, 724-731.


Mchopa, A., Jeckoniah, J. N., Israel, B., & Changalima, I. A. (2020). Socio-Economic Determinants of Participation in Sunflower Value Chain among Smallholder Farmers in Iramba District Tanzania.,

Meyer, F., & Van der Burgh, G. The competitiveness of the South African sunflower value chain.

Benson, T. Promoting Participation in Oilseed Value Chains in Malawi.

Jainuddin, S. M., Suhasini, K., & Lavanya, T. (2021). Growth Trends and Instability of Sunflower in Karnataka: An Inter-Districts and Inter-Divisional Analysis. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 55(1).

Canale, C., Labalette, F., & Ruiz-Le Guillou, C. (2021). Overview of the French organic sector of oilseeds and protein crops. OCL, 28, 6.

Semerci, A., & Durmuş, E. (2021). Analysis of Oily Sunflower Production in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 9(1), 56-62. (Turkish, English abstract)

Vorobyov, S. P., & Vorobyova, V. V. (2021, February). The Ecological and Economic Effectiveness of Sunflower Oilseed Production in Russia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 670, No. 1, p. 012057). IOP Publishing.

Slobodianyk, A., Abuselidze, G., & Lymar, V. (2021). Economic efficiency of oilseed production in Ukraine. In E3S Web of Conferences (Vol. 234, p. 00001). EDP Sciences.

Belikina, A. V. (2021, February). Production potential in sunflower cultivation. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 659, No. 1, p. 012050). IOP Publishing.

Muchara, B., & Nhemachena, C. R. Structure of the sunflower plant breeders’ rights landscape in South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 116(9-10).

Butakova, M. M., Borisova, O. V., & Goryaninskaya, O. A. (2021, February). Exports of Vegetable Oils to Asian Markets: Opportunities, Risks, and Prospects. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 670, No. 1, p. 012045). IOP Publishing.

Dumortier, J., & Elobeid, A. (2021). Effects of a carbon tax in the United States on agricultural markets and carbon emissions from land-use change. Land Use Policy, 103, 105320.


Khurana S., Singh R. (2021) Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Seed. In: Tanwar B., Goyal A. (eds) Oilseeds: Health Attributes and Food Applications. Springer, Singapore.

Strange, N. C., Moulton, J. K., Bernard, E. C., Klingeman, W. E., Sampson, B. J., & Trigiano, R. N. (2020). Floral Visitors to Helianthus verticillatus, a Rare Sunflower Species in the Southern United States. HortScience, 1(aop), 1-7.

Bantan, R. A., Ali, A., Naeem, S., Jamal, F., Elgarhy, M., & Chesneau, C. (2020). Discrimination of sunflower seeds using multispectral and texture dataset in combination with region selection and supervised classification methods. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 30(11), 113142.

Gambotova, M. Y., Bazgiev, M. A., Tsitskiev, Z. M., Kostoeva, L. Y., & Biteeva, F. A. (2021, January). Productivity of oil crops in the conditions of forest-steppe zone of the Republic of Ingushetia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 624, No. 1, p. 012053). IOP Publishing.

ZHANG, W. L., LI, L. H., WEI, J. S., & WANG, H. Analysis on the source of productivity growth of edible sunflower seeds based on a sample data of fixed survey points in major producing areas. Research of Agricultural Modernization, 41(5), 843-851. (Chinese, English abstract)

Palavalli-Nettimi, R. (2021). Synthetic sunflower scent trains bees for better pollination. Journal of Experimental Biology, 224(3). 


Coming international and national events


Postponed: 20-23 June 2022 : 20th International Sunflower Conference, Novi Sad, Serbia.

Submission is open:
Abstract Submission Deadline: 10 December 2021
Paper Submission Deadline: 20 March 2022
We hope and believe that most of the participants, sponsors and exhibitors already registered will be able to adapt to the new date of the conference. Registration is still open.
Regular fee deadline 19 May 2022
On site fee from 20 May 2022
The conference website remains active, and all conference information will continue to be published there.
See you next year in Novi Sad!
20th ISC Organizing Committee


June 20-24, 2021: 32nd Annual Meeting AAIC Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops. Bologna, Italy.


We invite all the persons who read this newsletter to share information with the Sunflower community: let us know the scientific projects, events organized in your country, crops performances or any information of interest for sunflower R&D.
Contact ISA Newsletter:
Etienne Pilorgé, ISA Secretary-Treasurer: e.pilorge(at)
Or: contact(at)



Join ISA
Why should you join ISA?
You are interested in sunflower research and development,
You wish to share points of view and exchange information with colleagues from all over the world,
You wish to be informed of the latest news about sunflower,
You will benefit from premium registration fees to attend our International Sunflower Conferences and Sunflower Symposia,
To become a member of ISA, you are requested to fill a registration form online
and pay annual membership fees (70€)
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