The Covid 19 crisis reminds us that the mankind is not always in a dominant position when interacting with nature.
Editorial Activity and News of the association
The 20th International Sunflower Conference is postponed to June 2021 due to the Covid 19 pandemic
Value chains and regional news
US: Birds Damage Management Conference
France: 31st Meeting of sunflower breeding / 31ème Carrefour de la sélection du tournesol .
Scientific news Publications
GENETICS AND BREEDING
PATHOLOGY / CROP PROTECTION
PROCESS AND PRODUCTS
ECONOMY AND MARKETS
Coming International and national events
The Covid 19 crisis reminds us that the mankind is not always in a dominant position when interacting with nature. People aware of life sciences cannot really be surprised as this kind of event affects mankind since immemorial times. But in practice, at the scale of a human life, this situation is very exceptional: all countries are progressively affected, and even if the summer season may slow down the epidemic in the Northern hemisphere, the pandemic of Covid 19 might go on in the Southern part of the globe, and the time span to reach effective sanitary solutions have good chances to reach one year, since things might be very fluctuant as long as a vaccine is not developed and populations treated.
Our Sunflower Conference being an international event which gathers the world community of sunflower, we had no other choice than postponing it by one year. Sometimes, Nature decides for us.
It is a pity for all of us, but we are certain that our investment will not be lost, whether as a participant proposing a communication or organizer.
Finally, it has never been so relevant to compare the sunflower conference to the Olympic Games…
The ISA Executive Board
Activity and News of the association
The 20th International Sunflower Conference is postponed to June 2021 due to the Covid 19 pandemic
The message of the organizing team addressed to the participants gives practical information on the next steps:
“Global crisis caused by COVID-19 virus is affecting all aspects of our lives. Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, and International Sunflower Association, as organizers of the 20th International Sunflower Conference in Novi Sad, are closely monitoring the situation since the beginning of the crisis.
The health, safety and security of all conference participants, speakers, sponsors, exhibitors and others are, of course, more important than anything else.
Since further development of the situation cannot be foreseen, we have decided to postpone the conference for the next year. The new time for the conference is June 21st to June 24th, 2021. The conference will be held in the same place, Master center, in Novi Sad, Serbia.
Already paid registration fees and hotel reservations will remain valid, and any individual requests on this issue will be handled with the supporting agency Panacomp. We hope that the sponsors and exhibitors will agree to continue supporting the conference. Conference program and speakers will remain the same, maybe with minor changes. Already received abstracts and papers are valid.
We hope and believe that most of the participants, sponsors and exhibitors already registered will be able to adapt to the new date of the conference.
We invite everyone interested to continue submitting abstracts and papers. The conference website remains active and all conference information will continue to be published there.
We wish all of you good health, and to get through this difficult period as easily as possible.
See you next year in Novi Sad!”
Value chains and regional news
US: Birds Damage Management Conference
The Sunflower Magazine publication of the US National Sunflower Association, in its issue dated March/April 2020, publishes a paper about the Bird Damage Management Conference held last February in Salt Lake City, Utah (see https://www.sunflowernsa.com/magazine/articles/default.aspx?ArticleID=3896), reporting information and learnings from the landscape ecology to the attention of farmers.
The US Sunflower Association funds notably works for birds’ damage management through a project carried out by USDA-APHIS “Efficacy of an Avian Repellent Applied Via a Spraying Drone for Repelling Blackbirds from Sunflower Fields”.
Works in progress: research and innovation projects funded by the US NSA in 2020: The March and April 2020 issue of the Sunflower Magazine also informs on diverse research and innovation projects funded by the NSA (see https://www.sunflowernsa.com/magazine/), (some of them managed by ISA members) - Enhancing Rust Resistance in Confection Sunflower (Lili Qi, Guojia Ma)) - Effect of Sunflower Growth Stage on Phomopsis Stem Canker Development (F Mathew, S Markell, B Harveson) - Effectiveness of Fungicides to Manage Phomopsis Stem Canker of Sunflower (F. Mathew, B Harveson) - Investigating the Impact of Diseases and Associated Factors on Yield (S Markell, H Kandel, F Mathew, B Harveson) - Evaluate the Distribution of Red Sunflower Seed Weevil Populations That Are Resistant to Pyrethroid Class Insecticides (A. Varenhorst , P Wagner, J. Knodel, P Beauzay) - Sunflower Nectar Volume: Impact on Pollinator Choice and Genetic Determination (Jarrad Prasifka & Brent Hulke) - Using Insect Biology and Cultural Practices for Management of Red Sunflower Seed Weevil (Jarrad Prasifka, B. Fergusson, D. Prischmann-Voldseth) - Evaluation of Sunflower Tolerance to Fall-Applied Herbicides (Brian Jenks, Caleb Dalley) - Influence of Rainfall on the Timing and Efficacy of PRE/POST Soil Residual Herbicides for Control of Herbicide-Resistant Kochia and Palmer Amaranth (N Lawrence, V Kumar) - Sunflower Tolerance to Fall- and Spring-Applied PPO Inhibitors (B Jenks) - Early Maturing Sunflower for Double-Crop Use in the Central Plains (Brent Hulke) - Identification and Mapping of Genetic Factors Affecting the Stability of Oleic Acid in Inbred Lines and Hybrids (Brent Hulke, Qing Ming Gao) - Assessing the Importance of Plant Spacing Heterogeneity (skips, doubles,gaps) on Yield, and Heritability of Seedling Emergence in Field Conditions (Brent Hulke, R Meyer, C Trostle) - Efficacy of an Avian Repellent Applied Via a Spraying Drone for Repelling Blackbirds from Sunflower Fields (P Klug, M White) - Genetic Variation of Sunflower Seed Macronutrients for Feed and Food Applications (Brent Hulke, M Grusak)
France: 31st Meeting of sunflower breeding / 31ème Carrefour de la sélection du tournesol
Since 1977, the French association Promosol supports works on oilseed crops breeding (rapeseed and sunflower) and actions promoting the dissemination of scientific progress. Promosol members are Terres Univia (Interprofessional Organization of the French Oil and protein crops sector), Terres Inovia (Technical Institute of the French Oil and protein crops sector), INRAE (National Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment Research), and UFS (French seed association for seed companies & plant breeders). Practically, the association defines research priorities of common interest, funds research programs considered to be strategic and disseminates results to breeders and farmers. Promosol organizes the Carrefour de la Sélection du Tournesol every year in February.
The 31st Carrefour of sunflower breeding took place on February 6, 2020 at the INRAE research center in Auzeville-Tolosane, near Toulouse.
Bringing together around sixty participants from public research, GEVES (which coordinates varieties registration trials in France), the industry and sunflower breeders; this meeting, moderated by Nicolas Langlade, offered a review of the sunflower crop context and scientific advances of the French research.
Luc Ozanne, Sofiproteol director of investments, gave an update on the international oils and proteins market, and the challenges for the sunflower sector.
Jim Westwood, professor at Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, presented research to better understand the specificity mechanisms of germination stimulants in Orobanche.
Emmanuelle Mestries (Terres Inovia), and Jean-Noel Aubertot (INRAE) detailed two new models under construction to manage the risk of sunflower diseases. One, Sunflower Pest, analyzes the effects of the dynamics of six sunflower pests on yield development. The other, SimMat Diaporthe, aims to predict phomopsis risk. The latter will be evaluated in field conditions by Terres Inovia in 2020, to validate its usefulness for producers.
Concerning the socioeconomic aspects of the new sunflower ideotypes, Mikael Akimowicz (LEREPS) and Nicola Gallai (ENSFEA) presented their research conducted in the frame of the SUNRISE project, at the farm, sector and regional levels. Interviews with different actors with complex interactions were allowed to specify the factors of adoption of varietal innovation in sunflower by French farmers.
The participants visited the TPMP platform (Toulouse Plant Microbe Phenotyping) dedicated to high-throughput automated phenotyping under controlled conditions of plant species, which allows to study models of agronomic interest and the associated microorganisms with non-invasive monitoring of plants (by visual imagery, infrared, fluorescence for example), and to simulate precise climatic and environmental conditions. (see: https://www.genotoul.fr/en/portfolio_page/plant-microb-phenotyping/)
The Carrefour was an opportunity to follow the progress of four ongoing research projects supported by Promosol: - RESODIV (Coordinator: Mireille Chabaud, INRAE LIPM Auzeville). This collaborative project between INRAE and the University of Cordoba (Spain) aims to anticipate the circumvention by Orobanche cumana of the genetic resistances of sunflowers. It explores the genetic diversity in species of the Helianthus genus, in order to find new sources of resistance and make resistant material available to breeders, with various defense mechanisms, the accumulation of which will make it possible to create new varieties with lasting resistance. - DEMELER (Coordinator: Pierre Casadebaig, INRAE AGIR Auzeville) aims to analyze evolutions and variability in the yield of sunflowers in France over the past thirty years, and assess the effects of genetic progress, climate and cultural practices. The project is beginning, and results are expected in 2022. - HELIADIV2 (Coordinator: Brigitte Mangin, INRAE LIPM): the “Helianthus” network, managed by INRAE with the help of seed companies, aims to multiply and conserve genetic resources of sunflower, and to characterize them from a phenotypic point of view, for different criteria of interest such as tolerance to water stress . This characterization is long and costly when we want to evaluate several hundred sunflower genotypes. To facilitate this work, INRAE proposed to use genomic selection models to predict the behavior of the lines and facilitate the work of varietal creation. - HELIASEN (Coordinator: Philippe Burger, INRAE AGIR) (see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VZSvgeWuhlw). This project aims to develop phenotyping methods of leaf senescence in sunflower at 3 levels (organ, plant, plot), to differentiate genotypes with contrasting behaviors, but also knowledge on the genetic control of senescence. This project is in collaboration with the Sunrise and Phenome projects and the INTA teams from Castelar and Manfredi in Argentina.
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Bourioug, M., Ezzaza, K., Bouabid, R. et al. Influence of hydro- and osmo-priming on sunflower seeds to break dormancy and improve crop performance under water stress. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-07893-3
Rasheed, R., Yasmeen, H., Hussain, I., Iqbal, M., Ashraf, M. A., & Parveen, A. (2020). Exogenously applied 5-aminolevulinic acid modulates growth, secondary metabolism and oxidative defense in sunflower under water deficit stress. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12298-019-00756-3
Farid, M., Ali, S., Rizwan, M., Yasmeen, T., Arif, M. S., Riaz, M., ... & Ayub, M. A. (2020). Combined effects of citric acid and 5-Aminolevulinic acid in mitigatin chromium toxicity in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown in Cr spiked soil. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 57(2). https://www.pakjas.com.pk/papers/3137.pdf
Guo, K., Mellinger, P., Doan, V., Allen, J., Pringle, R. N., & Jammes, F. (2020). Identification of Novel Regulators of Plant Transpiration by Large-Scale Thermal Imaging Screening in Helianthus Annuus. Journal of visualized experiments: JoVE, (155). https://doi.org/10.3791/60535
Davodi, S., Mir Shekari, B., Mir Mahmoodi, T., Farahvash, F., & Yazdan Seta, S. (2019). Effect of seed priming with salicylic acid and ascorbic acid on antioxidant activity, grain yield and oil content of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) under normal and water deficit conditions. University of Birjand. https://dx.doi.org/10.22077/escs.2019.1497.1333
PROCESS AND PRODUCTS
Kostić, A. Ž., Milinčić, D. D., Gašić, U. M., Nedić, N., Stanojević, S. P., Tešić, Ž. L., & Pešić, M. B. (2019). Supplementary data for article: Kostić, AŽ; Milinčić, DD; Gašić, UM; Nedić, N.; Stanojević, SP; Tešić, ŽL; Pešić, MB Polyphenolic Profile and Antioxidant Properties of Bee-Collected Pollen from Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus L.) Plant. LWT 2019, 112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2019.06.011
Kostić A.Ž. et al. (2020) Content and Nutritional Value of Selected Biogenic Elements in Monofloral Sunflower Bee-Collected Pollen from Serbia. In: Brka M., Omanović-Mikličanin E., Karić L., Falan V., Toroman A. (eds) 30th Scientific-Experts Conference of Agriculture and Food Industry. AgriConf 2019. IFMBE Proceedings, vol 78. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-40049-1_27
KOTTAPALLI, B., NGUYEN, S. P., DAWSON, K., CASULLI, K., KNOCKENHAUER, C., & SCHAFFNER, D. W. (2020). Evaluating the Risk of Salmonellosis from Dry Roasted Sunflower Seeds. Journal of Food Protection, 83(1), 17-27. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-19-171
Ortiz-Hernandez, A. A., Araiza-Esquivel, M., Delgadillo-Ruiz, L., Ortega-Sigala, J. J., Durán-Muñoz, H. A., Mendez-Garcia, V. H., ... & Vega-Carrillo, H. R. (2020). Physical characterization of sunflower seeds dehydrated by using electromagnetic induction and low-pressure system. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies, 60, 102285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2019.102285
Bhatnagar, R. (2020). Formation of Maillard reaction products and chlorogenic acid-quinone induced green pigments in gluten-free pretzels made using sunflower flour. Master's thesis, Chapman University. https://doi.org/10.36837/chapman.000122
Slabi, S. A., Mathe, C., Basselin, M., Framboisier, X., Ndiaye, M., Galet, O., & Kapel, R. (2020). Multi-objective optimization of solid/liquid extraction of total sunflower proteins from cold press meal. Food Chemistry, 317, 126423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126423 / also available on researchgate.com
Tessier, R., Khodorova, N., Calvez, J., Kapel, R., Quinsac, A., Piedcoq, J., ... & Gaudichon, C. (2020). 15N and ²H Intrinsic Labeling Demonstrate That Real Digestibility in Rats of Proteins and Amino Acids from Sunflower Protein Isolate Is Almost as High as That of Goat Whey. The Journal of Nutrition, 150(3), 450-457. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz279
Shorstkii, I., & Khudyakov, D. (2020). Influence of pulsed electrical discharge, hydrostatic pressure and temperature on rheological properties of sunflower cake during oil pressing. Heliyon, 6(1), e03046. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e03046
Thesis: Njiku, A. R. (2019). Determinants of Technical Efficiency and Financial Sustainability of Small-Scale Sunflower Oil Processing Firms in Tanzania (Doctoral dissertation, Mzumbe University). http://scholar.mzumbe.ac.tz/handle/11192/2824
Luan, Z., Li, C., Ding, S., Wei, M., & Yang, Y. (2020, January). Sunflower seed sorting based on Convolutional Neural Network. In Eleventh International Conference on Graphics and Image Processing (ICGIP 2019) (Vol. 11373, p. 113731K). International Society for Optics and Photonics. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2557789
Manmai, N., Unpaprom, Y. & Ramaraj, R. Bioethanol production from sunflower stalk: application of chemical and biological pretreatments by response surface methodology (RSM). Biomass Conv. Bioref. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-00602-7
Havrysh, V.; Kalinichenko, A.; Mentel, G.; Mentel, U.; Vasbieva, D.G. Husk Energy Supply Systems for Sunflower Oil Mills. Energies 2020, 13, 361. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13020361
Verdier, T., Montibus, M., Balthazar, L., Magniont, C., Evon, P., & Bertron, A. (2019). Development of sunflower-based insulation materials coated with glycerol esters to prevent microbial growth. https://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/24117/
Calero, J., Luna, D., Luna, C., Bautista, F. M., Romero, A. A., Posadillo, A., & Estevez, R. (2020). Optimization by response surface methodology of the reaction conditions in 1, 3-selective transesterification of sunflower oil, by using CaO as heterogeneous catalyst. Molecular Catalysis, 484, 110804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcat.2020.110804
Muñoz-Almagro, N., Prodanov, M., Wilde, P. J., Villamiel, M., & Montilla, A. (2020). Obtainment and characterisation of pectin from sunflower heads purified by membrane separation techniques. Food Chemistry, 126476. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126476
Peng, X., Yang, G., Shi, Y. et al. Box–Behnken design based statistical modeling for the extraction and physicochemical properties of pectin from sunflower heads and the comparison with commercial low-methoxyl pectin. Sci Rep 10, 3595 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60339-1
Thesis: Almagro, N. M. (2019). Innovative approaches in the production of low-glycemic index carbohydrates: structural and functional evaluation of pectin obtained from sunflower by-products (Doctoral dissertation, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid). https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/tesis?codigo=259351
Kim, J. W., Lee, J., & Nyachoti, C. M. (2020). Net Energy of high-protein sunflower meal fed to growing pigs and effect of dietary phosphorus on measured values of NE. Journal of Animal Science, 98(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skz387
Baghban-Kanani, P., Janmohammadi, H., & Ostadrahimi, A. R. (2019). Effect of Different Levels of Sunflower Meal and Niacin on Performance, Biochemical Parameters, Antioxidant Status, and Egg Yolk Cholesterol of Laying Hens. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 9(4), 737-746. http://www.iaujournals.ir/article_669421.html
Chobanova, S. (2019). Effects of compound poultry feed with different content of high-protein sunflower meal on growth performance of broiler chickens. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 25, 3. https://www.agrojournal.org/25/03s-15.pdf
Kulikov, M.A., Glinushkin, A.P., Startsev, V.I., Kvitko, A.V., Aisuvakova, T.P., & Kislov, A.V. (2019). Prospects for the cultivation of sunflower for silage in the non-Chernozem zone of the Russian Federation. Russian, English abstract. Advances in Science and Technology AIC, 33 (12). https://doi.org/10.24411/0235-2451-2019-11210
Gumata N., Ndou E. (2019) What Is the Role of Trade Liberalisation and Food Commodity Price Booms in the Agricultural Sector? Implications for the Export-Led Growth Strategy. In: Accelerated Land Reform, Mining, Growth, Unemployment and Inequality in South Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-30884-1_20
POPESCU, A., STOIAN, E., & ȘERBAN, V. (2019). OIL SEEDS CROPS CULTIVATED AREA AND PRODUCTION IN THE EU-28-TRENDS AND CORRELATIONS, 2008-2018. Scientific Papers: Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture & Rural Development, 19(4). http://managementjournal.usamv.ro/pdf/vol.19_4/Art37.pdf
Gerald J. Seiler. Genetic Resources of the Sunflower Crop Wild Relatives for Resistance to Sunflower Broomrape
V. A. Lyakh, N. I. Kostyuchenko and I. A. Shevchenko. Broomrape (Orobanche cumana Wallr.) can Influence the Microbial Cenosis in Sunflower Rhizosphere
S. Guchetl, T. Antonova, N. Araslanova and T. Tchelyustnikova. Sunflower Resistance to Race G of Broomrape (Orobanche Cumana Wallr.) In the Russian Federation: the Development of the Lines and the Study of Inheritance
Ana Laura Martínez, Freda Anderson, Facundo Quiroz, Antonio Garayalde, Ignacio Erreguerena, Lorena Armando, Norma Huguet and Alicia Carrera. Methodologies for Plasmopara halstedii Research
Vikrant Tyagi and S. K. Dhillon. Water use Efficient Sunflower Hybrids having Diverse Cytoplasmic Background
K.V. Vedmedeva. Inheritance of Top Branching in Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus L.) Collection Samples
V.M. Popov and T.A. Dolhova. A New Source of Yellow Coloration of the Sunflower Plant Top and Its Importance in Breeding
A. I. Soroka and V. A. Lyakh. Polygenic Inheritance of Bracts Number in Sunflower
Soolmaz Ahmadian, Sattar Tahmasebi Enferadi and Abbas Alemzadeh. Assessment of Genetic Diversity of Cultivated Sunflower in Terms of Oil Content, Fatty Acid Compositions and Seed Traits
Mojtaba Nouraein, Raheleh Bakhtiarzadeh, Mohsen Janmohammadi, Maryam Mohammadzadeh and Naser Sabaghnia. The Effects of Micronutrient and Organic Fertilizers on Yield and Growth Characteristics of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.)
Coming International and national events
6-10 September 2020: 32nd Annual Meeting AAIC Association for the Advancement of Industrial Crops. Bologna, Italy. Abstract Submission Deadline: April 20, 2020. www.aaic.org
22-25 June 2020 Postponed: 21-24 June 2021 20th International Sunflower Conference, Novi Sad, Serbia. https://isc2020.com/
We invite all the persons who read this newsletter to share information with the Sunflower community: let us know the scientific projects, events organized in your country, crops performances or any information of interest for sunflower R&D. Contact ISA Newsletter: Etienne Pilorgé, ISA Secretary-Treasurer: e.pilorge(at)terresinovia.fr Or: contact(at)isasunflower.org
Join ISA Why should you join ISA? You are interested in sunflower research and development You wish to share points of view and exchange information with colleagues from all over the world, You wish to be informed of the latest news about sunflower, You will benefit from premium registration fees to attend our International Sunflower Conferences and Sunflower Symposia You will get free access to Helia scientific review To become a member of ISA, you are requested to fill a registration form online and pay annual membership fee (70€) Contact: contact(at)isasunflower.org
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